Bloodstream infections (which are also called septicaemia) can be associated with infections anywhere in the body. They can happen when germs enter the bloodstream through an intravenous (IV) line. The two main types of IV lines are peripheral and central.
A peripheral line is catheter inserted into a small vein to deliver fluids or medicine into the bloodstream. A central line catheter is placed in a large vein to either give medication or collect blood for tests. Central lines can remain in place for a longer period of time and are often used in intensive care units.
Central line associated bacteraemia (CLAB)
Peripheral line related infections (PIV C)
Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB)